Afghanistan

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  Asia  :  Afghanistan
 
Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country that is located approximately in the center of Asia. It is variously designated as geographically located within Central Asia, South Asia, and the Middle East. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the south and west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast.

Afghanistan is a crossroads between the East and the West, and has been an ancient focal point of trade and migration. It has an important geostrategical location, connecting South and Central Asia and Middle East.

Since the late 1970s Afghanistan has suffered continuous and brutal civil war in addition to foreign interventions in the form of the 1979 Soviet invasion and the recent 2001 U.S.-led invasion that toppled the Taliban government. In late 2001 the United Nations Security Council authorized the creation of an International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). This force is composed of NATO troops that are involved in assisting the government of President Hamid Karzai in establishing the writ of law as well as rebuilding key infrastructures in the nation.


In 2005, the United States and Afghanistan signed a strategic partnership agreement committing both nations to a long-term relationship. In the meantime, multi-billion US dollars have also been provided by the international community for the reconstruction of the country. Source


Afghanistan Facts

Population
: 33 million

Capital: Kabul

Currency: Afghani

Area: 647,500 km2

Language: Dari, Pashto

Main Religion
: Muslim

Calling Code: +93

Time Zone
: GMT + 4:30

Main Cities: Kabul, Kandahar, Mazar-e-Sharif, Herat, Jalalabad, Konduz, Ghazni, Balkh, Baghlan, Gardez