Iraq

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  Asia  :  Iraq
 
Iraq, is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.  Iraq shares borders with Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km (35 miles) between Umm Qasr and Al Faw on the Persian Gulf.

The capital city, Baghdad, is in the center-east of the country. Two major flowing rivers: the Tigris and Euphrates run through the centre of Iraq from north to south. These provide Iraq with agriculturally capable land and contrast with the steppe and desert landscape that covers most of Western Asia.

Historically, Iraq was known in Europe by the Greek exonym 'Mesopotamia' (Land between the rivers), after the foundation of the Kingdom of Iraq in 1932, it became known by its ancient endonym 'Iraq'. Iraq has been home to continuous successive civilizations since the 6th millennium BC. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is identified as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of writing and the wheel.

Iraq is developing a parliamentary democracy composed of 18 governorates (known as muhafadhat).  Source


Iraq Facts

Population: 31 million

Capital: Baghdad

Currency: Iraqi dinar

Area: 438,317 km2

Language: Arabic, Kurdish

Main Religion: Muslim

Calling Code: +964

Time Zone
: GMT + 3:5

Main Cities: Baghdad, Al Basrah, Al Mawil al Jadidah, Al Basrah al Qadimah, Mosul, Arbil, Abu Ghurayb, As Sulaymaniyah, Kirkuk, An Najaf