Kazakhstan

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  Asia  :  Kazakhstan
 
Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a large country situated in Central Asia and, according to EU leadership, Eastern Europe. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world as well as the world's largest landlocked country, it has a territory of 2,727,300 km² (greater than Western Europe). It is bordered by Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and China. The country also borders on a significant part of the Caspian Sea.

Vast in size, the land in Kazakhstan is very diverse in types of terrain: flatlands, steppes, taigas, rock-canyons, hills, deltas, mountains, snow-capped mountains and deserts. Kazakhstan has the 62nd largest population in the world, with a population density of less than 6 people per square kilometre (15 per sq. mi.).

Kazakhstan declared itself an independent country on December 16, 1991, the last Soviet republic to do so.

Kazakhstan is ethnically and culturally diverse, in part due to mass deportations of many ethnic groups to the country during Stalin's rule. Kazakhs are the largest group, followed by Russians. Kazakhstan allows freedom of religion, and many different beliefs are represented in the country. Islam is the primary religion, followed by Orthodox Christianity. The Kazakh language has the status of the "state" language, while Russian is declared the "official" language and used in everyday business.  Source


Kazakhstan Facts

Population: 16 million

Capital: Astana

Currency: Tenge

Area: 2,724,900 km2

Language: Kazakh, Russian

Main Religion: Muslim

Calling Code
: +7

Time Zone: GMT + 5

Main Cities: Almaty, Karagandy, Qaraghandy, Shymkent, Taraz, Astana, Pavlodar, Ust-Kamennogorsk, Kyzylorda, Semipalatinsk