South Korea

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  Asia  :  South Korea
 
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK) and often referred to as Korea is a country in East Asia, occupying the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. Also known as the "Land of the Morning Calm", it is neighbored by China to the west, Japan to the east and borders North Korea to the north. Its capital is Seoul, the second largest metropolitan city in the world and a major global city.

South Korea lies in a temperate climate region with a predominantly mountainous terrain. Its territory covers a total area of 100,032 square kilometers and has a population of almost 50 million, making it one of the most densely populated regions in the world.

South Korea is a presidential republic consisting of 16 administrative divisions. Archaeological findings indicate that the Korean Peninsula was occupied by humans as early as the Lower Paleolithic period. Korea first began with the founding of Gojoseon kingdom in 2333 BCE by Dangun, making it one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Following the unification of North and South States period under Goryeo 936 AD, Korea went through the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty as one nation until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910. After liberation and division, South Korea was established in 1948 as a democracy. Following the Korean War, the South Korean economy grew significantly, transforming the country into a major global economy.

South Korea is a developed country with a high standard of living. It has the fourth largest economy in Asia and the 15th largest in the world. It is also the second largest advanced economy in Asia, classified by the IMF and CIA. South Korea is one of the world's top ten exporters, and is a leader in technologically advanced goods such as electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics, headed by Samsung, LG and Hyundai-Kia. South Korea is a member of the United Nations, WTO, OECD and G-20 major economies. Source


South Korea Facts

Population: 72 million

Capital: Seoul

Currency: South Korean won

Area: 98,480 km2

Language: Korean

Main Religions: Christian / Buddhism

Calling Code: +82

Time Zone: GMT + 9

Main Cities: Pusan, Taegu, Seoul, Inchon, Taejon, Kwangju, Suwon, Songnam, Ulsan, Puchon