French Guiana

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  South America  :  French Guiana
 
French Guiana is an overseas department of France, located on the northern coast of South America. Like the other DOMs, French Guiana is also an overseas region of France, one of the 26 regions of France, and is an integral part of the French Republic. Like metropolitan France, its currency is the euro. The prefecture is Cayenne.

French Guiana is heavily dependent on France for subsidies, trade, and goods. The main industries are fishing (accounting for three-quarters of foreign exports), gold mining and timber.

Agriculture is largely undeveloped and is mainly confined to the area near the coast — sugar and bananas are two of the main cash crops grown. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is growing. Unemployment is a major problem, running at about 20% to 30%.

French Guiana, as part of France, is part of the European Union, the largest part in an area outside Europe, with one of the longest EU external boundaries. Along with the Spanish enclaves in Africa of Ceuta and Melilla, it is one of only three European Union territories outside Europe that is not an island. Its head of state is the President of the French Republic, who appoints a Prefect (resident at the Prefecture building in Cayenne) as his representative. There are two legislative bodies: the 19-member General Council and the 34-member Regional Council, both elected.  Source


French Guiana Facts

Population: 221 thousand

Capital: Cayanne

Currency: Euro

Area: 83,534 km2

Language: French

Main Religion: Chriatian

Calling Code: +594

Time Zone: GMT – 3

Main Cities
: Cayenne, Matoury, Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, Kourou, Remire-Montjoly, Macouria, Mana, Apatou, Grand-Santi, Sinnamary