Guatemala

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  North America  :  Guatemala
 
Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast.

A representative democracy, its capital is Guatemala City. Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.

On September 15, 1821, the Captaincy-general of Guatemala (formed by Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Honduras) officially proclaimed its independence from Spain and its incorporation into the Mexican Empire, which was dissolved two years later. This region had been formally subject to New Spain throughout the colonial period, but as a practical matter was administered separately. All but Chiapas soon separated from Mexico after Agustín I from Mexico was forced to abdicate.

In 1900, Guatemala had a population of 885,000. Over the course of the twentieth century the population of the country grew, the fastest growth in the Western Hemisphere. The ever-increasing pattern of emigration to the U.S. has led to the growth of Guatemalan communities in California, Florida, Illinois, New York, Texas, Rhode Island and elsewhere since the 1970s. Source


Guatemala Facts

Population: 13 million

Capital: Guatemala

Currency: Quetzal

Area: 108,890 km2

Language: Spanish, Mayan

Main Religion: Christian

Calling Code: +502

Time Zone: GMT - 6

Main Cities: Guatemala City, Mixco, Villa Nueva, Petapa, San Juan Sacatepequez, Quetzaltenango, Villa Canales, Escuintla, Chinautla, Chimaltenango