Honduras

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  North America  :  Honduras
 
Honduras is a democratic republic in Central America. It was formerly known as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras (now Belize).  The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Its size is just over 110,000 km² with an estimated population of almost 7,500,000. Its capital is Tegucigalpa.

Archaeologists have demonstrated that Honduras had a rich, multi-ethnic prehistory. An important part of that prehistory was the Mayan presence around the city of Copán in western Honduras, near the Guatemalan border. A major Mayan city flourished during the classic period (150-900) in that area. It has many carved inscriptions and stelae. The ancient kingdom, named rtyu, existed from the fifth century to the early ninth century, with antecedents going back to at least the second century.

The economy has continued to grow slowly, but the distribution of wealth remains very polarized with average wages remaining low. Economic growth in the last few years has averaged 7% per year which has been one of the most successful growths in Latin America, but 50%, approximately 3.7 million, of the population still remains below the poverty line. It is estimated that there are more than 1.2 million people who are unemployed, the rate of unemployment standing at 27.9%.  Source


Honduras Facts

Population: 7 million

Capital: Tegucigalpa

Currency: Lempira

Area: 112,492 km2

Language: Spanish

Main Religion: Christian

Calling Code: +504

Time Zone: GMT - 6

Main Cities: Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, Choloma, La Ceiba, El Progreso, Ciudad Choluteca,  Comayagua, Puerto Cortez, La Lima, Danli