Greece

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  Europe  :  Greece
 
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country in southeastern Europe, situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula.

It has borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. Both parts of the Eastern Mediterranean basin feature a vast number of islands, islets and rock islands.

Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilization of ancient Greece, generally considered to be the cradle of Western civilization. As such, it is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy.

Greece is a developed country, a member of the European Union since 1981, a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union since 2001, NATO since 1952, the OECD since 1961, the WEU since 1995, a founding member of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and a member of ESA since 2005.  Source


Greece Facts

Population: 11.3 million

Capital: Athens

Currency: Euro

Area: 131.990 km2

Language: Greek

Main Religion: Christian

Calling Code: +30

Time Zone: GMT + 2

Main Cities: Athens, Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklion, Larissa, Volos, Ioannina, Kavala, Rhodes, Serres