Iceland

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  Europe  :  Iceland
 
The Republic of Iceland, is an island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of about 320,000 and a total area of 103,000 km². Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík.

Located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Iceland is volcanically and geologically active on a large scale; this defines the landscape. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterized by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many big glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Warmed by the Gulf Stream, Iceland has a temperate climate relative to its latitude and provides a habitable environment and nature.

According to tradition recorded in Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfur Arnarson became the first permanent Norwegian settler on the island.  

Today, Iceland has some of the world's highest levels of economic and civil freedoms. In 2007, Iceland was ranked as the most developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index. It was also the fourth most productive country per capita, and one of the most egalitarian, as rated by the Gini coefficient.

Iceland has been especially badly affected by the current world financial crisis. The nation's ongoing economic crisis has caused significant unrest and made Iceland the first western country to borrow from the International Monetary Fund since 1976. In February 2009 a minority government took office, headed by Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, the world's first openly gay head of  government in modern times. Source


Iceland Facts

Population: 300 thousand

Capital
: Reykjavik

Currency: Icelandic Krona

Area: 103,000 km2

Language: Icelandic

Main Religion: Christian

Calling Code: +354

Time Zone: GMT

Main Cities: Reykjavik, Kopavogur, Hafnarfjorour, Akureyri, Keflavik, Garðabær, Mosfellsbær, Akranes, Selfoss, Seltjarnarnes, Vestmannæyjar, Ísafjörður, Sauðárkrókur, Grindavík, Húsavík, Hveragerði, Álftanes, Borgarnes, Höfn, Egilsstaðir