Ireland

 
Category:   World Travel Directory  :  Europe  :  Ireland
 
Ireland is the third-largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world. It lies to the north-west of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. To the east of Ireland, separated by the Irish Sea, is the island of Great Britain. Politically, the sovereign country of Ireland covers five-sixths of the island, with Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom, covering the remainder in the north-east.

The population of the island is slightly under 6 million (2006), with 4.2 million in the Republic and an estimated almost 1.75 million in Northern Ireland. This is a significant increase from a modern historical low in the 1960s, but still much lower than the peak population of over 8 million in the early 19th century, prior to the Great Famine.

The name Ireland derives from the name of the Celtic goddess Ériu (in modern Irish, Éire) with the addition of the Germanic word land. Most other western European names for Ireland, such as French Irlande, derive from the same source.  Source


Ireland Facts

Population: 6 million

Capital: Dublin

Currency: Euro

Area: 81,638 km2

Language: Irish

Main Religion
: Christian

Calling Code: +353

Time Zone: GMT + 1

Main Cities: Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Waterford, Dundalk, Bray, Drogheda, Swords, Tralee, Kilkenny, Ennis, Sligo, Athlone, Wexford, Naas, Clonmel, Carlow, Newbridge, Navan